There are many things to read from this course. I recommend you look at three of my own books and dip into these: **Fractal Cities** (1994, with Paul Longley), **Cities and Complexity **(2005), and **Agent Based Models of Geographical Systems **(2011, edited by Alison Heppenstall, Andrew Crooks, Linda See, and myself)**.** These cover the three components of the course: fractals, complexity, and agent based modeling in that order although the Cities and Complexity book covers all three. Unfortunately that book is not online but the other two are. However there is a copy in the CASA library and also if you want to borrow one then come and get one from me. The links to these are:

# Fractal Cities

Cities and Complexity

# Agent Based Models of Geographical Systems

And there are a number of papers that are online that are relevant background and these can be accessed by clicking on the following:

Simulating spatial dynamics: cellular automata theory

Generating cities from the bottom-up

Cellular automata and urban form: a primer

Exploring the historical determinants of urban growth patterns through CA

A digital breeder for designing cities

Fifty years of urban modeling – macro-statics to micro-dynamics